City and Local Renewable Energy Policies and Initiatives

Global Status Report on Local Renewable Energy Policies, May 2011 Version, REN21 Renewable Energy Policy Network, Institute for Sustainable Energy Policies (ISEP), and ICLEI-Local Governments for Sustainability (Tokyo: ISEP, 2011), 59 pp. (Lead Author: Eric Martinot)  Describes city and local government policies around the world that promote renewable energy. Survey of 210 selected cities plus 40 case descriptions. Provides a framework for categorizing policies. This 2011 version includes a chapter on cities and communities moving towards 100% renewables. Comments and additions are invited.


Go 100% Renewable Energy Campaign (global multi-partner campaign for local communities)

100% Green Electricity for Munich, Germany by 2025 (by Stadtwerke Muenchen (Munich City Utilities))

Australia Solar Cities Program (by national government)

C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group

Concerto Initiative (58 European communities)

Energie Cités Association (European local authorities promoting local sustainable energy policies)

Energy Cities (by the European Association of local authorities in energy transition: represents more than 1,000 local authorities from 30 countries)

European Commission -- Covenant of Mayors (About 5,400 signatories representing more than 175 million of inhabitants, as of early December 2013)

European Green Cities Network

Green Cities California (a coalition of twelve of California's largest and most environmentally progressive local governments: Berkeley, Los Angeles, Oakland, Palo Alto, Pasadena, Sacramento, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose, Santa Monica...)

ICLEI Local Renewables Portal

ICLEI Cities for Climate Protection Campaign - European CCP Campaign

India Solar Cities Program (by national government)

International Solar Cities Initiative (ISCI) (biennial conferences)

Japan Smart City Portal (Yokohama, Toyota City, Kyoto, and Kitakyushu)

Local Government Climate Roadmap (ICLEI, UCLG, Metropolis, WMCCC, C40, CCRE CEMR)

Multiplying Sustainable Energy Communities Project (7 European cities)

Renewable Energy Sources Cooperative (REScoop) (sponsored by the Intelligent Energy Europe programme of the European Commission)

Seattle Climate Action Plan (by Seattle City Council)

Solar City (private firm providing resources and advisory services)

State and Local Climate and Energy Program (by the United States Environmental Protection Agency)

Sustainable Cities (best-practice cases)

Urban Low Emission Development Strategies (Urban-LEDS) (funded by the European Commission, implemented by UN-HABITAT and ICLEI)

US Department of Energy Solar America Cities Partnership

Washington, DC Government Agencies 100% Wind Powered (by Washintgton, DC Department of General Services)

World Bank Eco2 Cities


Green Growth in Cities, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (Paris: OECD, 2013), 132 pp.

Wealthier, Healthier Cities: How climate change action is giving us wealthier, healthier cities, Carbon Disclosure Project in Partnership with C40 Cities (London: CDP, 2013), 18 pp.

Renewable Energy Policy in Cities: Selected Case Studies, International Renewable Energy Agency (Abu Dhabi: IRENA, 2013).

From vision to action: a workshop report on 100% Renewable Energies in European Regions, Climate Service Center, Renewables 100 Policy Institute, and World Future Council (Hamburg: CSC, 2013), 40 pp.

The Impact of City-level Permitting Processes on Residential Photovoltaic Installation Prices and Development Times: An Empirical Analysis of Solar Systems in California Cities, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley, CA: LBNL, 2013), 35 pp.

Reduce Risk, Increase Clean Energy: How States and Cities are Using Old Finance Tools to Scale Up a New Industry, Clean Energy Group/Council of Development Finance Agencies (Montpelier, VT/Columbus, OH: CEG/CDFA, 2013), 30 pp.

Financing Low-Carbon Urban Development in South Asia: A Post-2012 Context, Asian Development Bank (Mandaluyong City, Philippines: ADB, 2013), 26 pp.

Rooftop Revolution: Unleashing Delhi's Solar Potential, Bridge to India in partnership with Greenpeace (New Delhi/Bangalore, India: 2013), 96 pp.

Green Growth in Kitakyushu, Japan, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (Paris: OECD, 2013), 128 pp.

Green Growth in Stockholm, Sweden, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (Paris: OECD, 2013), 118 pp.

Renewable Energies in the hands of the people (in German), German Renewable Energies Agency Information Platform April 2013. Almost half of all renewable energy capacity installed in Germany's electricity sector is owned by private individuals, including farmers.

Green Cities, Asian Development Bank (Mandaluyong City, Philippines: ADB, 2012), 412 pp.

Seven Climate Change Lessons from the Cities of Europe, Carbon Disclosure Project in Partnership with C40 Cities (London: CDP, 2012), 28 pp.

Infrastructure for renewable energies: A factor of local and regional development, (Brussels: European Parliament, 2012), 108 pp.

U.S. CLEAN Programs Where Are We Now? What Have We Learned?, Institute for Local Self-Reliance (Washington, DC: ILSR, 2012), 25 pp.

Re-Municipalising Municipal Services in Europe, Public Services International Research Unit University of Greenwich (London: PSIRU, 2012), 10 pp.

Yamashita N, Furuya S. 2012. New Japanese Energy Strategy and FIT: National and Local Prospects and Barriers. Presentation Reform Workshop, August 29, Salzburg, Austria. Tokyo, Japan: Institute for Sustainable Energy Policies.

Climate Action in Megacities: C40 Cities Baseline and Opportunities, ARUP in partnership with C40 Cities (2011), 114 pp.

Cities and Climate Change : Responding to an Urgent Agenda, World Bank (Washington, DC: 2011), 306 pp.

Local Energy Plans in Practice: Case Studies of Austin and Denver, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (Golden, Colorado: NREL, 2011), 36 pp.

100% Renewable Energy - and Beyond - for Cities, HafenCity University Hamburg in partnership with World Future Council Foundation (Hamburg, Germany: 2010), 29 pp.

Eco2 Cities: Ecological Cities as Economic Cities, World Bank (Washington, DC: 2010), 388 pp.

Cities and Climate Change, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (Paris: OECD, 2010), 276 pp.

Getting to Carbon Neutral: a Guide for Canadian Municipalities, Toronto and Region Conservation Authority (Toronto: TRCA, 2010), 176 pp.

Clean Energy Policy Analyses: Analysis of the Status and Impact on Clean Energy Policies at the Local Level, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (Golden, Colorado: NREL, 2010), 33 pp.

Kraxner F, Yang J, Aoki K, Yamagata Y. 2010. Public opinion on bioenergy - Eco-model cities' new strategies for reaching a low-carbon society in Japan. Proceedings Third International Symposium on Energy from Biomass and Waste, November 8-11, Venice, Italy. Laxenburg, Austria and Ibaraki, Japan: International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis and National Institute for Environmental Studies.

Kraxner F, Yang J, Yamagata Y. 2010. How does a Japanese "eco-model city" think about the use of biomass for bioenergy? A household survey in Hokkaido. Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Energy, April 21-23, Singapore. Laxenburg, Austria and Ibaraki, Japan: International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis and National Institute for Environmental Studies.

Cities, Towns and Renewable Energy, International Energy Agency, Lead Author Ralph Sims (Paris: OECD/IEA, 2009), 194 pp.

Resilient Cities: Responding to Peak Oil and Climate Change, P Newman, T Beatley, H Boyer (Washington DC: Island Press, 2009), 166 pp.

100 Per Cent Renewable: Energy Autonomy in Action, ed. Peter Droege (London: Earthscan, 2009), 326 pp. Also linked to a new web site inviting contributions Practical Steps Towards a 100% Renewable World.

Urban Energy Transition: From Fossil Fuels to Renewable Power, ed. Peter Droege (Oxford: Elsevier, 2008), 664 pp.

The Renewable City: A Comprehensive Guide to an Urban Revolution, by Peter Droege (John Wiley & Sons, 2007), 328 pp.

"Energizing Cities," J Sawin and K Hughes, in State of the World 2007: Our Urban Future (New York: WW Norton, 2007), pp. 90-111.

Energy Sustainable Communities: Experiences, Success Factors and Opportunities in the EU-25, a report of the Energy Sustainable Communities initiative (Brussels: European Renewable Energy Council, 2005), 52 pp.

Page updated March 10, 2014